Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome


Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition where a woman’s body’s production of estrogen and androgens is abnormal. This can occur when the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis is dysfunctional. There are some similarities between PCOS and PCD, but there are also differences.


PCOS is when a woman’s ovaries don’t produce enough eggs. As a result, ovulation doesn’t occur regularly each month. This condition also causes irregular periods and difficulty conceiving. It usually first appears in women in their late teens and early 20s. It’s thought to be caused by excessive insulin production and abnormal hormone levels.

Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome may develop irregular menstrual periods, increased body hair, and greasy skin. Other symptoms include weight gain and acne. These symptoms usually worsen over time, and many women experience a reduction in fertility. It’s estimated that five to ten percent of women of reproductive age may have polycystic ovary syndrome.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is often diagnosed through family history or by an ultrasound. A doctor may also use hormone blood tests to check for abnormalities. Ultrasound tests can also detect tumors in the ovaries.


PCOS is a common endocrinological condition, affecting five to ten percent of women of reproductive age. However, the percentage may vary among subpopulations. The condition was first described by Stein and Leventhal in 1935, following the study of seven women. These women were characterized by obesity, excess hair growth, and bilateral enlarged polycystic ovaries.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common lifelong condition, with an increased prevalence among obese women. In addition, the disease is prevalent in Indigenous and Southeast Asian women. As a result, GPs should focus on accurate diagnosis, long-term support, and prevention of excess weight gain. Fortunately, evidence-based GP assessment tools are now widely available, and national guidelines emphasize the importance of a team approach in diagnosing and treating women with PCOS.

Diagnosis of polycystinemia and insulin resistance are common symptoms of polycystic ovary disease. In addition, women with polycystic ovary syndrome are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, which causes high blood sugar levels. Therefore, knowing these two conditions’ differences is essential because one may indicate another.


Treatments for polycystic ovaries are usually noninvasive and may include lifestyle and diet changes. Your health care provider will discuss your symptoms and any medications you are taking. They may also perform a physical exam to look for excess hair, insulin resistance, acne, or other abnormalities. In some cases, your health care provider may prescribe birth control pills.

PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects about one in 10 women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS experience irregular or absent periods, increased body weight, and acne. The condition is usually caused by too much testosterone in the body and can affect overall health and appearance. It can also cause infertility.

A doctor may prescribe birth control to women with PCOS. These medications may reduce the levels of excess androgens in the body, reducing the risk of getting pregnant. Some women may find that birth control helps them regulate their period, and other women may lose excess body hair. In addition, some women who suffer from PCOS find that their symptoms improve after losing weight.


Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder of the ovaries associated with obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and cardiovascular risk factors. It requires multidisciplinary care based on sound evidence. The goal is to improve the quality of life and reduce the risk of developing the syndrome.

PCOS prevention can include lifestyle modifications, such as increased physical activity and a healthy diet. Medications are also available to control symptoms, such as the release of eggs. These drugs also can improve symptoms such as acne and body hair. In addition, lifestyle modifications can prevent complications like diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and pre-diabetes.

Polycystic ovary syndrome can affect about one in every ten women of childbearing age. It is characterized by a hormonal imbalance and abnormalities in the metabolism. As a result, women with this disorder are at increased risk for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and infertility.

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