A Beginner’s Guide to a Verilog Tutorial
Before you start learning Verilog, you should know a few things about it. Verilog is a hardware description language (HDL) that allows designers to build their designs using either a Bottom-Up or Top-Down methodology. It also uses constants, which are special characters. These constants can have many purposes in your design.
Verilog is a hardware description language.
Verilog is a programming language used to describe the behavior of electronic systems. Its syntax is similar to that of C, one of the most widely used programming languages. It has control flow keywords similar to C and operator precedence compatible with C. However, there are some differences between C and Verilog. For example, Verilog requires bit-widths to be declared for variables. C, on the other hand, infers bit-widths from type.
Verilog is structured around the use of basic logic gates. Each gate has a name and a value. It can represent either an input or an output. It can represent multiple sources on a single net. It can also have multiple drivers that drive it.
It is similar to VHDL.
While Verilog and VHDL are widely used programming languages, they are different. While Verilog is more commonly used in commercial environments, VHDL is often used in defense and aerospace industries. Regardless of your career choice, learning both languages is a good idea.
The main differences between the two are the language structure and type-checking. While both are strongly typed, VHDL has more verbosity than Verilog. This is due to its emphasis on unambiguous semantics, a key feature for creating portable designs. Also, VHDL supports many Boolean operators, such as nor and nand. This allows for a rich representation of typical hardware operations and features.
It allows designers to design designs in either a Bottom-Up or Top-Down methodology.
In the Bottom-Up design methodology, designers specify each piece individually and then connect them to create more extensive subsystems. These subsystems are then further linked together into top-level systems. This methodology is often used in software development, where objects are the building blocks of a program rather than individual components.
Bottom-Up design starts by creating individual blocks and verifying them against each other and the overall system. It is often more efficient for small designs but becomes problematic as designs get larger. In this process, the designers must frequently communicate to keep the design flow smooth and error-free.
It uses constants
When working in Verilog, it is essential to understand how constants work. Constants are simple constant numbers that can be specified in binary, octal, decimal, or hexadecimal. They are calculated according to the length of the longest operand in an expression or assignment. The most common type of operand is an identifier. These variables return the value of the object they are named for. You should be aware of the case sensitivity of Verilog; lowercase and uppercase names are treated as two different types of identifiers.
One example of a constant function is a priority encoder. It requires an n-bit input vector and produces an output of log2 n encoded bits. This function helps build priority encoders because it eliminates the need for input width. Constant functions also allow you to call them before declaring them, and don’t have to follow RTL rules. Unfortunately, constant functions can cause problems with some older tools, but this has been fixed in recent releases.
It uses operators
This Verilog tutorial will teach you how to use operators to define functions and compare two operands. There are two types of comparison operators: equality and relational. These operators compare two operands and return true or false depending on their value. If the operands are the same, the result is a 1. If the operands are different, the result is false.
There are several types of arithmetic operators in Verilog. Among these, the shift operator shifts bits from one end of a value to the other. The two most basic shift operators are zero-filling and shift-right.
It has a hierarchy
Hierarchy in Verilog is the concept of the relationship between items that belong to different scopes. This can be visualized as a tree. The top-level module forms the root of the hierarchy, while each subsequent task, function, and begin-end block form a new level of scope. Each module also contains an instance of another module. The hierarchy comprises top-level modules and submodules, forming a tree-like structure.
Verilog has a hierarchy that makes it possible to implement a simple architecture. For example, a subsystem called fpga_top creates an instance of the bus interconnect subsystem, which then instantiates the CPU/debug subsystem, flash & SRAM memory, and peripherals. These components are further subdivided into modules by an event-driven simulation (EDS), which creates a top-level test bench. The top-level test bench includes the device under test (DUT), the opsonic, and the or1200_monitor. In addition, the monitor module implements l.nop functionality, and Verilator provides SystemC modules.